Are you a Football lover? Then you might love this article to read. Because here, we are going to discuss almost everything related to the Football and โปรแกรมบอล that will thrill you to know more about the game. Hence, you will be able to express extra love towards it.
A General Introduction to Football
Football is the home of team games that involve modifying grades, kicking the ball to achieve a goal score. Football commonly includes Football Associations or Clubs like Gridiron Football commonly known as American or Canadian Football, Australian Football, Rugby Football and Gaelic Football. However, the several forms of Football supply various origins too. These are known as Football Codes.
Contemporary codes are one of the examples of Football codes that were formulated when the process of codification was first started at English Public Schools during the 19th century. The expansion of the British Empire allowed the spread of rules of Football to other parts of the world. Distinct provincial codes were developed by the end of the 19th century. For example, Gaelic Football inaugurated the new rules of the game incorporated with traditional rules to keep alive their ancestry. To organize professional Football contests, the first Football League was founded in England in 1888. Yet, only a few Football teams were able to reach the top spot and gained popularity during the present time.
General Components of Football
As we have discussed the Football codes above, these share some common elements in them that are categorized into two groups. These are- Carrying codes and kicking codes. In carrying codes the ball is moved about the area while being clenched into the hands of the player or thrown. Examples of carrying codes are- American Football, Australian Football, Canadian Football, Rugby Union and Rugby League. Whereas kicking codes involves the movement of the ball mainly performed by the feet where the handling is strictly prohibited. Here, Association Football and Gaelic Football are examples of kicking codes.
Popular Rules of The Sport Are-
- Both the teams generally possess 11 to 18 members in each group. However, some teams might have 5 or more players in each group, but this doesn’t harm its popularity.
- A defined field where the game can be played.
- The method of scoring the goals or points that involve the movement of the ball into the opposition’s goalpost, field end or over the line.
- Defending the goal or line, so the opposition may not score a point. Defenders are given the job to restrict the goal.
- The players are allowed to use their body only for generating the ball’s movement into the field.
Thus, all the codes or protocols include general skills and abilities like- passing, grasping, evasion of tackles, kicking and catching the ball. In most codes, some rules tend to restrict the motion of players offside. To score a goal or point a player must plop the ball either over or under a crossing fence present between the goalposts. The codes of the Association Football are popular and played by 250 million people in over 200 countries.
Weight Training Football Program
Weight training has been an important part of the Football training program. This kind of workout is used for body contacts Football sports like- American Football, Rugby, and Australian Football. Besides, the elements of this training program could also be applied to soccer weight training.
It includes- Aerobic fitness, Periodic weight training and Role-Specific training.
Aerobic fitness is used to build endurance for sustained actions, strength and bulk to resist the tackles or actions during the match.
Here, you will see the outline of the aerobic fitness training program.
The early pre-season of the training program requires a cardio workout and then anaerobic fitness is built with sprints, shuttles and intervals of preparations before the starting of the program.
Aerobic health can be achieved by running, jogging, walking etc for a long time without getting tired whereas anaerobic health could be enhanced with intensified exercises for short periods.
However, both of these exercises are important to boost strength, endurance and muscle mass that is required to resist force while playing Football.
Periodic Weight Training
Periodic training is used to build progressive growth to peak fitness and performance. The training program is divided into four phases in which each phase focuses on a particular physical development. The phases are-
- Early pre-season
The focus is on building aerobic health, fundamental functional stability and muscle development which is also called “hypertrophy”. Players get ready for the season and start the reconstruction after the offseason.
- Late pre-season
The emphasis is on creating ultimate stability and power. Besides, it also boosts anaerobic fitness. Participants are working out to initialize the season.
- In season
In this phase, the participants are anticipated to have maximum strength and power as they are going to face the match very soon. The focus is on the supervision of speed, functionality, aerobic and anaerobic health. Besides, the player injury is also considered in the training that involves movement of stabilizer muscles, dexterity and balance.
The focus is on comfort and recovery with the sustenance of light workouts like cross-training and light gym training. More training can be done to rebuild aerobic fitness.
This type of training is done under the constant guidance of trainers like coaches, sports physiotherapists etc. It is beneficial for professional or amateur Football players. The training aims to build endurance, strength, power, aerobic and anaerobic ability with correct directions.
The program is further classified into five phases-
- Phase 1
The phase of the approach depends on the player’s weight training experience. So, a new Football player will not be able to perform intense exercises. Therefore, he is given constant training and practice of heavyweight workout. The duration of the training is short and the player is given more rest.
- Phase 2
The emphasis of the training is on large muscle groups like legs, thighs etc to improve their strength.
- Phase 3
Requires the player to carry moderate weight according to his limit.
- Phase 4
Focuses on the maintenance of strength and power. And complete rest is recommended.
- Phase 5
Emphasis on the physical, mental and emotional development before the competition.