Components and types of dough mixers

If you have an objective of attaining quality dough mixing, then a dough mixing machine is a good solution for achieving this. The dough mixing machine guarantees quality results and saves time and energy.

The dough mixing machine comprises a mixing tank, a starring paddle, a transmission device, an electrical box, and a machine base.

The transmission device facilitates the stirring paddle to rotate the moving cylinder at a constant speed. The flour in the cylinder is continuously pulled, pushed, smashed, and mixed to ensure uniform hydration leading to flexibility, elasticity, and consistent flow. Below are the components of a mixer;

1. Mixing tank

The mixing tank comprises a stirring cylinder, cylinder cover, support, stirrer, and a shaft sealing device. According to the process required, a heating or cooling device is configured. One can do flanging and welding of the agitating cylinder cover. The mixing tank comprises a motor, and the drive shaft performs the driving of the agitator. The shaft sealing device can be in the form of a labyrinth, seal, machine seal, or packing. The mixing cylinder is made up of stainless steel.

2.Stirring paddle

There are five types of stirring paddles; paddle, ellipse, garland, roll cage, and blade.

3.Machine base

The machine base is of two carbon steel and stainless steel. Stainless steel is of good quality compared to carbon steel. Price comparison shows that carbon steel machine base is cheaper than stainless steel. The material selection is made according to the customer’s choice and preference.

Types of mixers

The common types of mixers are;

  • Batch mixers

This type of dough mixer is constructed vertically, the driving mechanisms are lowered into the bowl, and bowls are raised to locate the beaters. The beaters rotate in a fixed position. It is advantageous because one can fill the bowls with various ingredients during the mixing cycle.

There is no additional handling of the dough that needs to be left fermented and rested. One can monitor the mixing action of the dough visually. The slow mixing action is critical for short dough, resulting in reliable results.

  • Horizontal high-speed mixers

The bowl is fixed in this type, and a door is at the side. Moreover, the bottom is open to allow the discharge of the dough. The mixer usually rotates in a horizontal direction. The bowl is fixed to one or two shafts. Blades pass closer to the bowl surface or at a distance.

The shape depends on the speed of the blades. This type is a potent mixer; the discharge of dough is efficient, and accurate temperature regulation is achieved.

  • Automatic small batch mixers

It contains; batch mixers and continuous mixers. Using a familiar standard batch mixer, one can stop the sequence at any stage, and if a fault arises while mixing, one can easily remove it.


A dough mixing machine is an essential kitchen appliance that produces quality results during the process. It saves energy and time, and mixing dough is of good results; therefore, using a mixer is advantageous.

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