Today you will learn about a different animal that lives everywhere in the water and on land. Many people keep it in their aquarium. Because they are reticent, so people have fun feeding them. Many also call them mole salamanders. They are native to North America, distributed from southern Canada and southeastern Alaska to Mexico. Their larvae are used as laboratory animals in various studies. These are the most common amphibians in many states and are sometimes kept as pets. The Axolotl is considered by many to be olm salamander. Because their external structure has some similarities. Olm is blind and lives in caves. Like Axolotl, olm was described as a baby dragon for its structure.
One of their characteristics is that they can reproduce without becoming adults. But when they grow older, they are taken to a dry and calm environment, and as they produce, their water intake decreases, and they become adult ascetics.
Structure of Axolotl
It is extremely rare in natural conditions. It mainly lives in the waters of Lake Chalco and Shochimelco in Mexico. They are located in Mexico City at an altitude of about two thousand meters above sea level. There are the most favorable living and breeding conditions for water dragons in the region of the so-called floating islands.
Axolotl looks like a giant loggerhead Newt. Their heads are larger and broader than their bodies, and their eyes are smaller. Among other things, these animals can regenerate a lost body part. Its elongated body has four legs with fingers, which allow it to move at the bottom of the water.
Sexually mature acacia can grow up to 45 cm tall. But in aquariums, it can grow up to 23 centimeters long. Axolotl larger than 30 cm is rare.
Axolotl body color variations: from white to black to white black with a variety of shades of grey, brown and brown However, acolytes of light shades are rarely found in nature, as they are more noticeable and weaker.
Some features of Axolotl –
- It doesn’t swallow food – Axolotl’s teeth are not hard enough to chew food. They take food in their mouths and take out all the juices from it.
Or sucks all the juices. It completely devours insect worms, insect larvae and small fish.
- Two respiratory systems – they breathe through his lungs, but he can also breathe through his skin.
- It never grows- when some salamanders lose their gills and fins to get out of the water at a young age, the baby axolotl retains its juvenile properties. It does not produce growth hormone and never goes to the larval stage even though its lungs adapt to dry life.
- It detects electric fields- Axolotl can see a weak electric current produced by the movement of other organisms or even notice stems that touch the surface of the water. This is the same principle as the electronic definition of sharks. Axolotl does not use it for hunting but is used for swimming in the waters of the Mexican canal.
Varieties of axolotls
This aquatic dinosaur has many forms that differ in appearance. The skin color of the water dragon is different: some individuals are milky white, others are dark, brown, grey. Today, there are captive-bred forms that differ in patterned colors. In nature, it is more beneficial for the water salamander to be dark. The white color is too noticeable, and the Axolotl has enough enemies, judging by the description.
- Natural Mexican – grey-brown or black axolotl, merging with the colour of the soil of natural lakes;
- White – in a young individual, the skin is milky white. When it gets older, a dark stripe appears on the back. The white cute Axolotl should be distinguished from the albino – it has dark brown eyes, and there is almost no pink or red;
- Albino – their skin is white or golden. The eyes are red, like all albino animal forms. The gills of the water dragon is also red or pink. Unlike white axolotls, these amphibians that have survived metamorphosis necessarily remain albinos and do not change the color of their skin and eyes;
- Harlequin is artificially bred as a result of crossing white and brown axolotls. The result is a light-colored water monster with many dark spots on the skin.
In captivity, you can find aquarium axolotls of various colors: with clear and indistinct spots, stripes, streaks, markings.