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What is a laparoscopy procedure? 

Laparoscopy, also called diagnostic laparoscopy, is a surgical technique that examines the organs inside the abdomen. It’s a low-risk, minimally invasive procedure that only necessitates a few minor cuts. 

A laparoscope is used to examine the abdominal organs during laparoscopy. A laparoscope is a long, thin tube with a front-mounted high-intensity light and a high-resolution image. The instrument is inserted into the abdominal wall through an incision. The camera sends pictures to a video display as it goes along. 

Your doctor can see inside the body in real time with laparoscopy, which eliminates the need for open surgery. During this process, the doctor can also collect biopsy samples. 

In this article, Dr. Samrat Jankar who is one of the best laparoscopic surgeon in Pune will discuss everything you should know about this procedure along with the recovery time.

What is the aim of laparoscopy? 

Laparoscopy is sometimes used to determine the cause of pelvic or abdominal pain. When noninvasive approaches fail to aid with diagnosis, this procedure is commonly used. 

In certain cases, imaging methods such as ultrasound, which uses high-frequency sound waves to generate images of the body, CT scan, which is a series of special X-rays that take cross-sectional images of the body, and MRI scan, which uses magnets and radio waves to create images of the body, can be used to diagnose abdominal conditions. 

When these tests do not provide enough details or insight to make a diagnosis, laparoscopy is used. The technique may also be used to obtain a biopsy, or tissue sample, from a specific abdominal organ. 

Laparoscopy may be recommended by your doctor to examine appendix, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, small intestine, and large intestine & other parts of the digestive system. Organs of the stomach, pelvis, spleen & sexual organs can also be monitored

What is the procedure for laparoscopy? 

In most cases, laparoscopy is performed as an outpatient procedure. This means you’ll be free to leave the hospital the same day. It can be done in a hospital or in an outpatient surgical facility. 

For this form of surgery, you’ll most likely be granted general anesthesia. This ensures you won’t feel any discomfort and will sleep through the operation. An intravenous (IV) line is inserted into one of the veins to obtain general anesthesia. Your anesthesiologist will administer special medications as well as fluids to you through the IV. 

Local anesthesia is often used instead. A local anesthetic numbs the region, so you won’t feel any discomfort even if you’re awake during the procedure. 

The surgeon makes an incision below your belly button and inserts a thin tube called a cannula during laparoscopy. The cannula is used to inject carbon dioxide gas into your abdomen. Your doctor will be able to see your abdominal organs more clearly thanks to this gas. 

The laparoscopic surgeon removes the laparoscope into the incision after the belly has been inflated. The photos from the camera attached to the laparoscope are shown on a tablet, allowing you to see your organs in real time. 

The number and size of incisions can vary depending on which diseases your surgeon is trying to confirm or rule out. In general, you’ll get one to four incisions, each measuring between one and two centimeters in length. Other devices may be placed into these incisions. For example, the surgeon can need to conduct a biopsy using a different surgical instrument. They take a small sample of tissue from an organ to be analyzed during a biopsy. 

The instruments are removed after the procedure is completed. Stitches or surgical tape are used to seal the incisions. The incisions may be covered with bandages. 

How long does laparoscopy take to heal from? 

You’ll be monitored for several hours after the surgery before being released from the hospital. Your vital signs will be closely monitored, including your breathing and heart rate. Staff at the hospital will also search for any adverse reactions to the anesthesia or treatment, as well as any prolonged bleeding. 

Dr. Samrat Jankar who is one of the best laparoscopic surgeon in Pune says that your release date will depend on your overall physical health, your body’s reaction to the procedure and the type of anesthesia used. It’s possible that you’ll have to stay in the hospital overnight in some situations. 

If you had general anesthesia, you would need a family member or friend to bring you home. Since the effects of general anesthesia take several hours to wear off, driving after the operation can be dangerous. 

You can experience mild pain and throbbing in the places where incisions were made in the days following your laparoscopy. Any discomfort or pain should subside within a few days. To alleviate the pain, your doctor can prescribe medication. 

Shoulder pain is also normal after the operation. The carbon dioxide gas used to inflate your abdomen to create a working space for the surgical instruments is normally the source of pain. Your diaphragm, which shares nerves with your elbow, can be irritated by the gas. It may also cause bloating. Within a few days, the pain should subside. 

Within a week, you should be able to resume your daily activities. Two weeks after your laparoscopy, you’ll need to see your doctor for a follow-up appointment.

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